Monday, 25 April 2011

Corydalis bulbosa (L.) DC

Name: Corydalis bulbosa (L.) DC
syn. Corydalis cava L.
Familia: Fumariaceae
Croatian name: Šupaljka
English name: Hollowroot

A perennial plant, up to 40 cm tall. It grows from the bulb-like root that became hollow when older - hence the name "cava" - hollow.
The flowers are zygomorphic, usually lilac coloured but can be also white. The flowers are gathered into raceme. The fruit is capsula containing black, shiny seeds with an attachment - elaiosome, that serves as nutrient reservoir.

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The plant is poisonous.

Cardamine bulbifera (L.) Crantz

Name: Cardamine bulbifera (L.) Crantz
syn. Dentaria bulbifera 
Familia: Brassicaceae
Croatian name: Živorodna režuha
English name: Coralroot

This is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a scaly rhizome. Round erect stem can be up to 70 cm tall. The leaves are alternate, pinnate with uneven margins. The flowers are pale lilac in colour, having four petals. The flowers are gathered on the tip of the stems making a raceme. The plant reproduce itself also in a vegetative way by means of small bud (bulbila) placed at the base of the leaf.
The fruit is siliqua. It likes moist, fertile woodland soil.

Symphytum officinale L.

Name: Symphytum officinale L.
Familia: Boraginaceae
Croatian name: Gavez, Crni korijen
English name: Comfrey

This is the perennial plant with a black, turnip-like root and hairy, rough and prickly stems and leaves. The plant grows quickly and can be up to 1 m tall. The flowers are tubular (five grown-together petals), blue-violet in colour, forming a curl (cincinnus) on the end of the flower stalks. 

It likes dump, fertile soil.
It is well known herb and medicinal plant, though it's use is suspicious and should be used with care.

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Lamium album L.

Name: Lamium album L.
Familia: Lamiaceae
Croatian name: Bijela mrtva kopriva
English name: White Dead Nettle

This plant is native to Europe and Western Asia growing in variety of habitats form woodland to open grassland, but always on moist, but well drained and fertile soils.
It is herbaceous perennial plant, up to 100 cm tall, with four angled stems and triangular serrate leaves. The plant is covered with hairs but they do not sting.
White flowers are produced on the upper part of the stems and are arranged in whorls. Nectar at the base of tubular flowers is reachable only to bumblebees and  other long-tongued insects.

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Mechanical tissue (collenchyma) in the very corner of the four angled stem gives it the sturdiness. Closer to the centre you can see vascular tissue. 

Caltha palustris L.

Name: Caltha palustris L.
Familia: Ranunculaceae
Croatian name: Kaljužnica
English name: Marsh marigold, Kingcup

This plant loves marshes and wetland and grows in abundance on the stream sides, often in a shallow waters. It is herbaceous perennial plant, with bright yellow flowers and round to kidney like leaves. As is often grows in a large groups it looks quite stunning when in full bloom. That is probably the reason why it is also a popular garden plant with cultivars with double flowers.
The flowers usually have five petals and are about 4 cm in diameter. Carpels form into follicles bearing seeds.

carpels forming follicles

Caltha is highly polymorphic species, and it is divided in several subspecies. The plant is poisonous and  may cause skin irritations and rushes.